Annals of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism : eISSN 2799-8363 / pISSN 2799-7898

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Demographic and biochemical characteristics of the study groups

Control (n=30) MetS (n=30) MetS+DM (n=30) MetS+CVD (n=30) Statistical comparison
Age (yr) 45±7 52±9 55±6 53±8 P<0.001
Gender X2=11.648; P=0.009
Man 19 (63.3) 17 (56.7) 12 (40.0) 7 (23.3)
Woman 11 (36.7) 13 (43.3) 18 (60.0) 23 (76.7)
Waist (cm) 78±8 104±7 97±9 98±10 P<0.001
Hip (cm) 95±6 110±20 114±12 115±9 P<0.001
SBP (mmHg) 108±20 151±19 156±25 158±24 P<0.001a
DBP (mmHg) 70±8 93±19 93±14 97±12 P<0.001
TC (mg/dL) 152±22 205±38 224±50 214±51 P<0.001
LDL (mg/dL) 91±18 128±33 153±41 143±46 P<0.001
HDL (mg/dL) 48±5 34±4 38±4 37±3 P<0.001
TG (mg/dL) 94±23 225±75 211±76 257±125 P<0.001
Glucose (mg/dL) 81±7 97±26 173±59 102±26 P<0.001a
AST (U/L) 21±5 23±9 27±15 27±17 P=0.781a
ALT (U/L) 20±18 24±16 24±17 33±40 P=0.399a
GGT (U/L) 14±7 32±36 40±32 60±83 P<0.001a
PON-1 (U/L) 251±65 224±221 122±58 113±51 P<0.001a
ARE (U/L) 333±64 305±50 285±52 277±54 P<0.001a
ARG (U/L) 2.03±1.39 4.72±2.74 5.16±2.96 4.66±2.74 P<0.001a

Values are presented as mean±standard deviation or number (%).

MetS = metabolic syndrome; DM = diabetes mellitus; CVD = cardiovascular disease; SBP = systolic blood pressure; DBP = diastolic blood pressure; TC = total cholesterol; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; HDL = high-density lipoprotein; TG = triglyceride; AST = aspartate aminotransferase; ALT = alanine aminotransferase; GGT = gamma-glutamyl transferase; PON-1 = paraoxonase; ARE = arylesterase; ARG = arginase.

aKruskal–Wallis test.

Ann Clin Nutr Metab 2023;15:88-96 https://doi.org/10.15747/ACNM.2023.15.3.88
© 2023 Ann Clin Nutr Metab